The Climate Crisis and a
Green New Deal Response

The bibliography below provides links to some of the papers and figures that the Coast Range Association has used in our research on the Climate Crisis and its impacts on Western Oregon’s forests and communities. The bibliography includes research on the Green New Deal and how it could be implemented in Oregon.

This bibliography is organized by topic section with links to read and download research. This is a working bibliography and we will make changes and additions into the future.

01 – Financial Forestry & Agriculture:

Gunnoe, Andrew. (2015). The Financialization of the US Forest Products Industry: Socio-Economic Relations, Shareholder Value, and the Restructuring of an Industry. Social Forces. 00(00) 1–27. Downloaded from at University of Tennessee

“This paper draws on theories of socio-economic change stemming from political economy and economic sociology to examine the financialization of the US forest products industry.”

Willer, Chuck. Forest Ownership Western OregonCoast Range Association.

A map developed by the Coast Range Association that shows land ownership in Western Oregon counties highlighting the transformation of landownership to large investment management firms in the form of TIMOs and REITs.

Ross, Lukas et al. (2014). Down on the Farm, Wall Street: America’s New Farmer. Oakland, CA. The Oakland Institute.

“The goal of the report is to introduce readers to the overlapping global and national factors enabling the new American land rush, while at the same time introducing the motives and practices of some of the most powerful players involved in it… Only by studying the motives and practices of these actors today does it become possible to begin building policies and institutions that help ensure farmers, and not absentee investors, are the future of our food system.”

Murphy, G. E., Sutton, W. R. J., Hill, D., Chambers, C., Creel, D., Binkley, C., & New, D. (2005). Economics of Intensively Managed Forest Plantations in the Pacific Northwest. Journal of Forestry. March, 78-82.

“Lower risks and higher returns favor investment in intensively managed forest plantations in the Pacific Northwest (PNW) for industrial landowners. Intensive forest plantation management is necessary if PNW industrial landowners are to compete effectively in world markets. However, not all landowner classes have the same set of management objectives, investment streams, and performance measures. For a variety of reasons, intensive forest plantation management may not be appropriate for some nonindustrial and public lands.”

Mendell, Brooks. (2016). From Cigar Tax to Timberland Trusts – A Short History of Timber REITs and TIMOs. Forest History Today. Spring/Fall, 32-36.

“How and why have industrial ownerships restructured in the United States? What has been the role of legislative changes and real estate investment trusts?”

Talbert, C., & Marshall, D. (2005). Plantation Productivity in the Douglas-Fir Region Under Intensive Silvicultural Practices: Results from Research and Operations. Journal of Forestry. March, 65-70.

“This article reviews major plantation silvicultural practices used in the westside Douglas-fir region of Oregon and Washington: origin, growth and yield impacts, and the region’s global competitive status for productivity, tree-growing costs, and returns.”

2020 OPB/Oregonian/ProPublica article on Wall Street forest ownership and tax breaks

Oregonian Polluted by Money series

02 – Critical Perspectives & Background to a Green New Deal:

Liang, J. et al. (2016). Positive biodiversity-productivity relationship predominant in global forests. Science 354, aaf8957. DOI: 10.1126/science.aaf8957

“Forests are the most important global repositories of terrestrial biodiversity, but deforestation, forest degradation, climate change, and other factors are threatening approximately one half of tree species worldwide. Although there have been substantial efforts to strengthen the preservation and sustainable use of forest biodiversity throughout the globe, the consequences of this diversity loss pose a major uncertainty for ongoing international forest management and conservation efforts.”

Chomsky, Aviva. (2019). Jobs, the Environment, and a Planet in Crisis Unions vs. Environmentalists or Unions and Environmentalists?. TomDispatch. August 31.

“When it comes to heat, extreme weather, wildfires, and melting glaciers, the planet is now in what the media increasingly refers to as “record” territory, as climate change’s momentum outpaces predictions. In such a situation, in a country whose president and administration seem hell-bent on doing everything they conceivably can to make matters worse, the Green New Deal (GND) seems to offer at least a modest opening to a path forward.”

WILLIAM J. RIPPLE, CHRISTOPHER WOLF, THOMAS M. NEWSOME, MAURO GALETTI, MOHAMMED ALAMGIR, EILEEN CRIST, MAHMOUD I. MAHMOUD, WILLIAM F. LAURANCE, and 15,364 scientist signatories from 184 countries. (2017). World Scientists’ Warning to Humanity: A Second Notice.

“Twenty-five years ago, the Union of Concerned Scientists and more than 1700 independent scientists, including the majority of living Nobel laureates in the sciences, penned the 1992 “World Scientists’ Warning to Humanity” (see supplemental file S1). These concerned professionals called on humankind to curtail environmental destruction and cautioned that “a great change in our stewardship of the Earth and the life on it is required, if vast human misery is to be avoided.””

02.1 – Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Reports:

Wuebbles, D.J., D.R. Easterling, K. Hayhoe, T. Knutson, R.E. Kopp, J.P. Kossin, K.E. Kunkel, A.N. LeGrande, C. Mears, W.V. Sweet, P.C. Taylor, R.S. Vose, and M.F. Wehner, 2017: Our globally changing climate. In: Climate Science Special Report: Fourth National Climate Assessment, Volume I [Wuebbles, D.J., D.W. Fahey, K.A. Hibbard, D.J. Dokken, B.C. Stewart, and T.K. Maycock (eds.)]. U.S. Global Change Research Program, Washington, DC, USA, pp. 35-72, doi: 10.7930/J08S4N35.

“Since the Third U.S. National Climate Assessment (NCA3) was published in May 2014, new observations along multiple lines of evidence have strengthened the conclusion that Earth’s climate is changing at a pace and in a pattern not explainable by natural influences.”

Sweet, W.V., R. Horton, R.E. Kopp, A.N. LeGrande, and A. Romanou, 2017: Sea level rise. In: Climate Science Special Report: Fourth National Climate Assessment, Volume I [Wuebbles, D.J., D.W. Fahey, K.A. Hibbard, D.J. Dokken, B.C. Stewart, and T.K. Maycock (eds.)]. U.S. Global Change Research Program, Washington, DC, USA, pp. 333-363, doi: 10.7930/J0VM49F2.

“Sea level rise is closely linked to increasing global temperatures. Thus, even as uncertainties remain about just how much sea level may rise this century, it is virtually certain that sea level rise this century and beyond will pose a growing challenge to coastal communities, infrastructure, and ecosystems from increased (permanent) inundation, more frequent and extreme coastal flooding, erosion of coastal landforms, and saltwater intrusion within coastal rivers and aquifers.”

Jewett, L. and A. Romanou, 2017: Ocean acidification and other ocean changes. In: Climate Science Special Report: Fourth National Climate Assessment, Volume I [Wuebbles, D.J., D.W. Fahey, K.A. Hibbard, D.J. Dokken, B.C. Stewart, and T.K. Maycock (eds.)]. U.S. Global Change Research Program, Washington, DC, USA, pp. 364-392, doi: 10.7930/J0QV3JQB.

“Anthropogenic perturbations to the global Earth system have included important alterations in the chemical composition, temperature, and circulation of the oceans. Some of these changes will be distinguishable from the background natural variability in nearly half of the global open ocean within a decade, with important consequences for marine ecosystems and their services.”

Kopp, R.E., K. Hayhoe, D.R. Easterling, T. Hall, R. Horton, K.E. Kunkel, and A.N. LeGrande, 2017: Potential surprises – compound extremes and tipping elements. In: Climate Science Special Report: Fourth National Climate Assessment, Volume I [Wuebbles, D.J., D.W. Fahey, K.A. Hibbard, D.J. Dokken, B.C. Stewart, and T.K. Maycock (eds.)]. U.S. Global Change Research Program, Washington, DC, USA, pp. 411-429, doi: 10.7930/J0GB227J.

“The Earth system is made up of many components that interact in complex ways across a broad range of temporal and spatial scales. As a result of these interactions the behavior of the system cannot be predicted by looking at individual components in isolation. Negative feedbacks, or self-stabilizing cycles, within and between components of the Earth system can dampen changes (Ch. 2: Physical Drivers of Climate Change).”

03 – Green New Deal & Forests:

Hecht, S B et al. (2016). Chapter 10. Trees have Already been Invented: Carbon in Woodlands. Collabra, 2(1): 24, pp. 1–34, DOI:

“In the developed world, discussions of climate change mitigation and adaptation tend to focus on technological solutions such as decarbonizing electric grids and regulating emissions of methane, black carbon, and so on. However, an often overlooked strategy for reaching greenhouse gas reduction targets in much of the developing world is rooted, not in new technologies, but in vegetation management.”

Beverly E. Law, Tara W. Hudiburg, Logan T. Berner, Jeffrey J. Kent, Polly C. Buotte, and Mark E. Harmon. (2018). Land use strategies to mitigate climate change in carbon dense temperate forestsPNAS. PNAS Latest Articles

Law et al. (2018). Supporting Information. 10.1073/pnas.1720064115

“Regional quantification of feasibility and effectiveness of forest strategies to mitigate climate change should integrate observations and mechanistic ecosystem process models with future climate, CO2, disturbances from fire, and management. Here, we demonstrate this approach in a high biomass region, and found that reforestation, afforestation, lengthened harvest cycles on private lands, and restricting harvest on public lands increased net ecosystem carbon balance by 56% by 2100, with the latter two actions contributing the most.”

Foley, Timothy. (2009). Extending Forest Rotation Age for Carbon Sequestration: A Cross-Protocol Comparison of Carbon Offsets of North American Forests. Masters project submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the Master of Environmental Management degree in the Nicholas School of the Environment of Duke University.

“This project presents a modeling framework within which the creditable carbon potential can be quantified from extending the rotation age of multiple forest stands. The differences in creditable carbon potential from rotation extensions across several North American forest types are explored.”

Law, B.E., Waring, R.H. (2014). Carbon implications of current and future effects of drought, fire and management on Pacific Northwest forests. Forest Ecol. Manage.

“Climate change has already begun to impact the structure and function of forest ecosystems in the Pacific Northwest by altering the frequency, intensity, and duration of droughts and heat stress, with implications for widespread environmental and socio-economic change. A major realization is that accumulated physiological stress can ultimately lead to tree mortality and changes in species distributions, particularly in areas away from maritime influences.”

Bastin et al. (2019) The global tree restoration potential. Science 365, 76–79. DOI: 10.1126/science.aax0848

“The restoration of forested land at a global scale could help capture atmospheric carbon and mitigate climate change. Bastin et al. used direct measurements of forest cover to generate a model of forest restoration potential across the globe (see the Perspective by Chazdon and Brancalion).”

Kline, Jeffrey D. et al. (2016). Evaluating carbon storage, timber harvest, and habitat possibilities for a Western Cascades (USA) forest landscape. Ecological Applications, 26(7), 2016, pp. 2044–2059. Ecological Society of America.

“Forest policymakers and managers have long sought ways to evaluate the capability of forest landscapes to jointly produce timber, habitat, and other ecosystem services in response to forest management. Currently, carbon is of particular interest as policies for increasing carbon storage on federal lands are being proposed.”

USDA. (2017). Can We Store Carbon and Have Our Timber and Habitat Too? USDA and US Forest Service, Science Findings. Issue 202

“Using landscape-scale datasets of forest vegetation, carbon storage estimates, and wildlife habitat profiles, scientists with the U.S. Forest Service Pacific Northwest Research Station simulated the effects of various management plans on timber harvests, wildlife habitat, and carbon storage in forests of the western Cascade Range.”

Buotte, P. C., et all. (2020). Carbon sequestration and biodiversity co-benefits of preserving forests in the western United States

04 – Green New Deal & Agriculture:

Schahczenski, J., Hill, H. (2009). Agriculture, Climate Change and Carbon Sequestration. A Publication of ATTRA—National Sustainable Agriculture Information Service. NCAT Program.

“Carbon sequestration and reductions in greenhouse gas emissions can occur through a variety of agriculture practices. This publication provides an overview of the relationship between agriculture, climate change and carbon sequestration.”

Rodale Institute. (2014). Regenerative Organic Agriculture and Climate Change: A Down-to-Earth Solution to Global Warming. Rodale Institute. PA.

05 – Green New Deal House Resolution – 109 & National Proposals:

116TH CONGRESS 1ST SESSION H. RES. 109 Recognizing the duty of the Federal Government to create a Green New Deal.

Rhiana Gunn-Wright and Robert Hockett. The Green New Deal.  Cornell Law School Ithaca, NY. Cornell Law School research paper No. 19-09. produced by New Consensus

“IN THE LAST WEEKS OF 2018, THE IDEA OF A “GREEN NEW DEAL” EXPLODED INTO AMERICAN PUBLIC CONSCIOUSNESS. Building on the long struggles of the environmental, economic, and racial justice movements, Congresswoman Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez, along with the Sunrise Movement and Justice Democrats, demanded that the U.S. House Democratic leadership get serious about the crises of climate change, poverty, extreme inequality, and racial and economic injustice.”

06 – Coast Range Association Oregon Green New Deal Proposal:

Mote, P.W., J. Abatzoglou, K.D. Dello, K. Hegewisch, and D.E. Rupp, 2019: Fourth Oregon Climate Assessment Report. Oregon Climate Change Research Institute.

“This report, required by state law under HB3543, provides a comprehensive assessment of the state of science of climate change as it pertains to Oregon, covering the physical, biological, and social dimensions.”

Economics of the Green New Deal

Stephanie Kelton. (2020). The Deficit Myth

Pavlina R. Tcherneva, (2020). The Case for a Job Guarantee

Nersisyan Y., Wray L. R. (2019). How to Pay for the Green New DealLevy Economics Institute. Annandale-on-Hudson, NY.

“Advocates of the Green New Deal (GND) strive to change the way that we approach a variety of problems facing society: climate change and destruction of our natural environment, rising inequality, and an economy that leaves too many with inadequate access to food, shelter, healthcare, and affordable education. They see these problems as linked, and so insist on tackling them with an array of programs that have hitherto been seen as disconnected: a carbonneutral energy policy and reversing climate change; universal single-payer healthcare; student debt relief and free public college; prison reform; ending “forever wars”; increasing care for the young, sick, and old; and the job guarantee.”

Chuck Willer. (2019). Key Thinkers in the Economics of the Green New Deal.

“This list and video link are a good compliment to the Levey Institute paper How to Pay for a Green New Deal. The list includes the participants from a workshop on May 24, 2019, at Harvard Law School, that explored the budgetary and macroeconomic aspects of the Green New Deal from a Modern Monetary Theory (MMT) perspective.”

The Coast Range Association is leading the effort to bring a Green New Deal to Oregon’s forests.

Your support today will make that work possible.

GND Industrial Forest Proposal

A Better World is Possible